Population: 93,421,835 (July 2014 est.)
Ethnic groups: Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3%
Religions: Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8%
History of Vietnam:
The Vietnamese first appeared in history as one of many scattered peoples living in what is now South China and Northern Vietnam just before the beginning of the Christian era. According to local tradition, the Vietnamese kingdom of Au Lac was founded by a line of kings who ruled over the ancient kingdom of Van Lang. Historical evidence to substantiate this tradition is scanty.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to enter the area in 1516. The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858. It became part of French Indochina in 1887.
In 1930, Ho Chi Minh formed an Indochinese Communist party. In 1940, Japan demanded and received the right to place Vietnam under military occupation, restricting the local French administration to figurehead authority. Paris proposed a unified government within the French Union under the former Annamite emperor, Bao Dai. Cochin-China and Annam accepted the proposal, and Bao Dai was proclaimed emperor of all Vietnam in 1949.
Communist forces under Ho Chi Minh defeated France in 1954. At a conference held in Geneva, the two sides accepted a compromise to end the war. The country was divided at the 17th parallel, with the Viet Minh in the North and the French and their Vietnamese supporters in the South.
After Geneva, the Viet minh in Hanoi began to build a Communist society. In the southern capital, Saigon, Bao Dai gave way to a new regime under President Ngo Dinh Diem. With diplomatic support from the United States, Diem refused to hold elections and attempted to destroy Communist influence in the South. By 1959, Diem was in trouble. His unwillingness to tolerate domestic opposition, his alleged favoritism of Roman Catholics, and the failure of his social and economic programs seriously alienated key groups in the populace and led to rising unrest.
In early November 1963, Diem was overthrown and killed in a coup launched by his own generals. In 1965, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson approved intensive bombing of North Vietnam and the dispatch of U.S. combat troops into the South. The Communists sent regular units of the North Vietnamese army into the South. In 1968, the Johnson administration decided to pursue a negotiated settlement.
Ho Chi Minh died in 1969 and was succeeded by, Le Duan. U.S. President, Richard Nixon continued Johnson's policy while gradually withdrawing U.S. troops. In 1972, secret peace negotiations led by U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger took place. On January 27, 1963, the war temporarily came to an end with the signing of a peace agreement in Paris. The settlement provided for the total removal of remaining U.S. troops.
In early 1975, the Communists launched a military offensive and Gen. Duong Van Minh surrendered Saigon on April 30, ending the war.
In 1976, the South was reunited with the North in a new Socialist Republic of Vietnam. In early 1979, the Vietnamese invaded Cambodia and installed a pro-Vietnamese government. Vietnam was then attacked by China. In the mid-1980s, Vietnamese troops were stationed in Cambodia and Laos. Vietnam reduced its forces in Laos during 1988 and withdrew its troops from Cambodia by September 1989. Vietnam supported the Cambodian peace agreement signed in October 1991.
The United States lifted a Vietnamese trade embargo in February 1994. Full diplomatic relations were announced between the two countries in July 1995. In April 1997, a pact was signed with the U.S. concerning repayment of the $146 million wartime debt incurred by the South Vietnamese government.
In April 2001, Nong Duc Manh was appointed general secretary of the ruling Communist Party, succeeding Le Kha Phieu.
In November 2001, Vietnam's national assembly approved a trade agreement that opened U.S. markets to Vietnam's goods and services. Vietnam also opened its state markets to foreign competition.
The government highlighted its efforts to crack down on corruption and crime with the June 2003 conviction of notorious criminal syndicate boss Truong Van Cam, known as Nam Cam. He was sentenced to death, along with 155 other defendants, and executed in June 2004.
In June 2005, Prime Minister Phan Van Khai became the first Vietnamese leader to visit the United States since the Vietnam War ended. He met with President George W. Bush and several business leaders, including Microsoft chairman Bill Gates.
A corruption scandal rocked Vietnam in April 2006. Transport minister Dao Dinh Binh resigned amid allegations that members of his staff embezzled millions from the country and used the funds to bet on soccer games. His deputy, Nguyen Viet Tien, was arrested for his role in the scandal.
President Tran Duc Luong and Prime Minister Phan Van Khai resigned in June 2006, making way for President Nguyen Minh Triet and Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung.
In January 2007, Vietnam became the 150th member of the World Trade Organization. In January 2008, Vietnam assumed a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council.
In January 2011, Nguyen Phu Trong was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party in Vietnam.
In November 2013, Vietnam legalized gay weddings. The government changed the Law On Marriage & Family of Vietnam after two same-sex couples were fined for having marriage ceremonies.
Tensions increased between China and Vietnam when Vietnamese officials reported that their vessels had been hit by Chinese ships on May 4, 2014. On May 14, anti-China protesters set fire to at least 15 foreign-owned factories throughout Vietnam. At least one person died in the protests.
The following are some Scriptures that deal with end-time events. All prophecies concerning the nations are leading up to fulfillment of end-time judgments (events).
Ezekiel chapters 38 & 39
Zechariah 13: 8-9
Zechariah 14: 1-16
Daniel chapters 2, 4, 7-12
Matthew 24: 1-51
Mark 13: 1-37
Luke 21: 6-38
The book of Revelation
The book of Joel
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