Capital: Port of Spain
Population: 1,223,916 (July 2014 est.)
Ethnic groups: East Indian 35.4%, African 34.2%, mixed - other 15.3%, mixed African/East Indian 7.7%, other 1.3%,
unspecified 6.2% (2011 est.)
Religions: Protestant 32.1% (Pentecostal/Evangelical 12%, Baptist 6.9%, Anglican 5.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4.1%,
Presbyterian/Congretational 2.5, other Protestant .9), Roman Catholic 21.6%, Hindu 18.2%, Muslim 5%, Jehovah's Witness 1.5%,
other 8.4%, none 2.2%, unspecified 11.1% (2011 est.)
History of Trinidad and Tobago:
Tobago was inhabited by Carib Indians and Trinidad by the Arawaks when Christopher Columbus encountered the islands on July 31, 1498. Antonio de Sedeño, a Spanish soldier, landed on the southwest coast of Trinidad with a small army of men in the 1530s. Sedeño and his men fought the Carib Indians on many occasions.
In 1592, Cacique Wannawanare granted the St. Joseph area to Domingo de Vera e Ibargüen. San José de Oruña, the town of St. Joseph, was established by Antonio de Berrío. Sir Walter Raleigh, searching for the rumored "City of Gold" in South America, arrived in Trinidad on March 22, 1595. Raleigh attacked San José and captured de Berrío.
In 1797, General Sir Ralph Abercromby anchored off the coast of Chaguaramas. The Spanish Governor José María Chacón capitulated without fighting. Trinidad became a British crown colony with a French-speaking population and Spanish laws. Trinidad was formally ceded in 1802. Tobago passed between Britain and France, but was eventually given to Britain in 1814.
Slavery was abolished in 1834. In 1889, Trinidad and Tobago were made into a single colony.
Partial self-government was instituted in 1925. From 1958 to 1962, the nation was part of the West Indies Federation. On August 31, 1962, it gained independence. Eric Williams, regarded as “Father of the Nation” and leader of the People's National Movement (PNM), was the first Prime Minister.
On August 1, 1976, Trinidad and Tobago became a republic, remaining within the Commonwealth. The National Alliance for Reconstruction (NAR) won a parliamentary majority in December 1986.
In 1990, members of the Jamaat al Muslimeen, led by Yasin Abu Bakr, formerly known as Lennox Phillip, stormed the Red House, Trinidad and Tobago Television, blew up the police station, and held the government hostage for six days before surrendering.
The NAR was defeated in 1991, and the PNM returned to power. In 1995, the United National Congress (UNC), led by Basdeo Panday, formed a coalition government with the NAR. In 2000, Panday was re-elected.
In December 2001 elections, the UNC Party and PNM Party gained 18 seats each. The parties agreed to allow President A.N.R. Robinson to select the prime minister. When Robinson chose Patrick Manning of the PNM, the opposition called for new elections.
In October 2002 elections, the PNM declared victory. Parliament selected George Maxwell Richards as president in 2003.
In April 2006, former prime minister Panday was sentenced to two years in prison for committing fraud in public office. Maxwell Richards, running unopposed, was re-elected in February 2008.
Prime Minister Manning called for a snap election to prevent a no-confidence vote against him in 2010. The People's Partnership coalition won 29 of 41 seats in the May vote. Kamla Persad-Bissessar became the country's first female prime minister.
In November 2011, Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar announced that law enforcement officials foiled a plot involving army soldiers and police officers to assassinate her and other government officials.
In June 2012, former prime minister Panday was acquitted from being charged with failing to declare a London bank account to the Integrity Commission.
On February 3, 2013, Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar announced the party's nomination of Anthony Carmona to succeed President Maxwell Richards. The People's National Movement supported the nomination, but questioned Carmona's eligibility. Carmona had left the country for a few years. The PNM pointed out that the president must live in the country a full ten years prior to being elected. Government officials met with legal experts and determined that Carmona was eligible.
Carmona assumed office on March 18, 2013. He had previously served as a Judge of the International Criminal Court and on the Supreme Court of Trinidad and Tobago.
The following are some Scriptures that deal with end-time events. All prophecies concerning the nations are leading up to fulfillment of end-time judgments (events).
Ezekiel chapters 38 & 39
Zechariah 13: 8-9
Zechariah 14: 1-16
Daniel chapters 2, 4, 7-12
Matthew 24: 1-51
Mark 13: 1-37
Luke 21: 6-38
The book of Revelation
The book of Joel
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