Population: 2,953,190 (July 2014 est.)
Ethnic groups: Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%,
Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)
Religions: Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 est.)
History of Mongolia:
The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century under Ghengis Khan when they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. The State of Mongolia was formerly known as Outer Mongolia. The Mongols power reached its zenith during the 13th century under Kublai Khan, grandson of Ghengis Khan, who conquered China and established the Yuan dynasty.
The Mongols came under Chinese rule in the late 17th century. After the Chinese Revolution of 1911 and the fall of the Manchus in 1912, the northern Mongol princes expelled the Chinese officials and declared independence under the Khutukhtu, or "Living Buddha."
Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a Communist regime was installed in 1924. The leftist government applied extreme measures which attacked the aristocracy and the religious establishment. Between 1932 and 1945, excess zeal and intolerance led to anti-communist uprisings. In the late 1930's, hundreds of Buddhist institutions were desecrated and more than 10,000 people were imprisoned.
Under the Chinese-Russian Treaty in 1945, China agreed to give up Outer Mongolia, which became a nominally independent country. The modern country of Mongolia represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland. More ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia.
A 20-year treaty of friendship and cooperation, signed in 1966, entitled Mongolia to call on the USSR for military aid in the event of invasion. Allied with the USSR in a dispute with China, Mongolia began mobilizing troops along its borders in 1968 when the two powers became involved in border clashes on the Kazakh-Sinkiang frontier and at the Amur and Ussuri rivers.
In 1989, the Mongolian democratic revolution began, led by Sanjaasurengiyn Zorig. Free elections held in August 1990 produced a multi-party government, though it was still largely Communist. The ex-Communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 election.
In 1997, former Communist and chairman of the People's Revolutionary Party, Natsagiyn Bagabandi, was elected president. Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj became prime minister in 1998, but parliamentary cross-purposes led to his resignation, and a succession of prime ministers followed.
The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but lost seats in the 2004 election.
In 2005, Nambaryn Enkhbayar, of the MPRP, became president. Miyeegombo Enkhbold was elected prime minister in 2006. Enkhbold resigned in November 2007 after the MPRP ousted him as chairman of the party, citing his weakness as a leader. Sanjaagiin Bayar succeeded Enkhbold as both party chairman and prime minister.
In July 2008, unprecedented violence and rioting followed parliamentary elections, prompting the government to declare a state of emergency. Five people were killed, hundreds were injured, and more than 700 people were detained. International observers did not report any irregularities in the voting, but the Democratic Party accused the MPRP of fraud. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the parliamentary elections, but formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party.
On May 24, 2009, former prime minister, Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj became Mongolia's first president to never have been a member of the MPRP and the first to obtain a Western education. Elbegdorj took office in June 2009.
Prime Minister Bayar resigned in October 2009 citing health reasons. He was succeeded by Foreign Minister Sukhbaataryn Batbold.
In November 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s.
Thousands of Mongolians took to the streets in protests following the death of a Mongolian herder run over by a Chinese truck driver on May 10, 2011. The herder was run over and dragged nearly 150m (490ft) before he died. Two men were found guilty and given death sentences for killing the herder.
In April 2012, news broke that Ivanhoe Mines of Canada was going to sell its majority share of a Mongolian coal mine to a Chinese state-owned aluminum manufacturer. Parliament reacted by passing legislation prohibiting foreign enterprises from purchasing a majority of the Mongolia's industries without government approval.
In June 2012, President Elbegdorj was honored as a Champion of the Earth for his commitment to environmental protection.
In August 2012, Norov Altankhuyag became Mongolia's new prime minister.
On June 26, 2013, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj was re-elected president defeating former professional wrestler, Badmaanyambuugiin Bat-Erdene.
The following are some Scriptures that deal with end-time events. All prophecies concerning the nations are leading up to fulfillment of end-time judgments (events).
Ezekiel chapters 38 & 39
Zechariah 13: 8-9
Zechariah 14: 1-16
Daniel chapters 2, 4, 7-12
Matthew 24: 1-51
Mark 13: 1-37
Luke 21: 6-38
The book of Revelation
The book of Joel
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