Population: 7,930,491 (July 2014 est.)
Ethnic groups: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Religions: Muslim 97.2% (official; predominantly Sunni), Christian 2.2% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), Buddhist 0.4%,
Hindu 0.1%, Jewish <.1, folk religion <.1, unaffiliated <.1, other <.1 (2010 est.)
Jordan in Bible Prophecy:
Isaiah 16:1-7 "Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land from Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion. For it shall be, that, as a wandering bird cast out of the nest, so the daughters of Moab shall be at the fords of Arnon. Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth. Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land. And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness. We have heard of the pride of Moab; he is very proud: even of his haughtiness, and his pride, and his wrath: but his lies shall not be so. Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab, every one shall howl: for the foundations of Kirhareseth shall ye mourn; surely they are stricken."
Jeremiah 49:1-6 "Concerning the Ammonites, thus saith the LORD; Hath Israel no sons? hath he no heir? why then doth their king inherit Gad, and his people dwell in his cities? Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the LORD. Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled: cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth; lament, and run to and fro by the hedges; for their king shall go into captivity, and his priests and his princes together. Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me? Behold, I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts, from all those that be about thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth; and none shall gather up him that wandereth. And afterward I will bring again the captivity of the children of Ammon, saith the LORD."
Ezekiel 25:1-7 "The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying, Son of man, set thy face against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them; And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity; Behold, therefore I will deliver thee to the men of the east for a possession, and they shall set their palaces in thee, and make their dwellings in thee: they shall eat thy fruit, and they shall drink thy milk. And I will make Rabbah a stable for camels, and the Ammonites a couching place for flocks: and ye shall know that I am the LORD. For thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast clapped thine hands, and stamped with the feet, and rejoiced in heart with all thy despite against the land of Israel; Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and will deliver thee for a spoil to the heathen; and I will cut thee off from the people, and I will cause thee to perish out of the countries: I will destroy thee; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD."
Daniel 11:40-41 "And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon."
History of Jordan:
In biblical times, Jordan contained the lands of Edom, Moab, Ammon, and Bashan. Jordan passed in turn to the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, and the Seleucids. Conflict between the Seleucids and the Ptolemies enabled the Nabataeans to create a kingdom in southeast Jordan. In 106 A.D., it became part of the Roman province of Arabia and was conquered by Arabs in 633-636.
In the 16th century, Jordan submitted to Ottoman Turkish rule and was administered from Damascus. Following World War I, the British received a mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Jordan (formerly Transjordan) was separated from the Palestine mandate in 1920, and in 1921, placed under the rule of Abdullah ibn Hussein.
In 1923, Britain recognized Jordan's independence, subject to the mandate. Jordan was loyal to Britain during World War II, In 1946, Britain abolished the mandate. It adopted the name of Jordan in 1950. King Abdullah was assassinated in 1951. His son Talal, who was mentally ill, was deposed the next year. Talal's son, Hussein, succeeded him.
Riots erupted when King Hussein joined the Central Treaty Organization (the Baghdad Pact) in 1955. Britain, France, and Israel attacked the Suez Canal in 1956, forcing Hussein to place his army under nominal command of the United Arab Republic (UAR) of Egypt and Syria. In 1961, Hussein became the first to recognize Syria after it claimed its independence.
Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War. Palestinian guerrilla forces took over sections of Jordan in the aftermath of defeat. Open warfare broke out. Despite intervention of Syrian tanks, King Hussein's army defeated the Palestinian rebels attempting to overthrow the monarchy in 1970. The Jordanians also drove out the Syrians and 12,000 Iraqi troops.
As Egypt and Israel neared final agreement on a peace treaty early in 1979, Hussein met with Yasir Arafat on March 17, and issued a joint statement of opposition. Although the U.S. pressed Jordan, Hussein chose to side with the majority, cutting ties with Cairo and joining the boycott against Egypt.
The signing of a national charter by King Hussein and leaders of the main political groups in June 1991 permitted political parties in exchange for acceptance of the constitution and the monarchy. Hussein joined Middle East peace talks in mid-1991, helping restore Jordan's relations with the U.S.
In July 1994, King Hussein and Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin signed a declaration. A peace agreement was signed on October 26, 1994. In 1997, Jordan began negotiating with the United States about membership in the World Trade Organization.
In January 1999, King Hussein deposed his brother, Prince Hassan, and named his eldest son, King Abdullah II, the crown prince. On February 7, King Hussein died of cancer, and Abdullah became king.
Jordan acceded to the World Trade Organization in 2000, and began to participate in the European Free Trade Association in 2001.
The first parliamentary elections under King Abdullah took place in June 2003 and resulted in a two-thirds majority for the king's supporters.
Three suicide bombings by Iraqis blasted hotels in Amman in November 2005, killing at least 57 people and wounding 115. The terrorist group, al-Qaeda, claimed responsibility, contending that Jordan had been targeted because of its friendly relations with the United States.
In parliamentary elections in November 2007, pro-government and independent candidates won 104 of 110 seats. The opposition Islamic Action Front took just six seats. Following the elections, King Abdullah named Nader Dahabi, former air force commander and transport minister, as prime minister.
King Abdullah dissolved Parliament in November 2009 and called for early elections. He appointed Samir al-Rifai as prime minister. Pro-government candidates swept parliamentary elections in November 2010, which were boycotted by the Islamic Action Front. Violent protests followed the vote.
On January 28, 2011, thousands of protestors gathered in Amman and other cities, calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Samir al-Rifai and demonstrating against government corruption, rising prices, and high unemployment. The protests triggered the dissolution of al-Rifai's government.
In February 2011, King Abdullah named Marouf al-Bakhit as the new prime minister and announced subsidies for food and fuel as well as pay increases for civil servants. In June, King Abdullah said future governments would be elected rather than appointed.
In September 2011, a royal decree approved constitutional amendments passed by the Parliament aimed at strengthening a more independent judiciary and establishing a constitutional court.
On October 17, 2011, Prime Minister Marouf al-Bakhit resigned. King Abdullah II designated Awn Khasawneh as the new prime minister. Khasawneh's government was sworn in on October 24 with Khasawneh also serving as defense minister.
On April 26, 2012, Awn Khasawneh resigned. Fayez al-Tarawneh was appointed to replace Khasawneh as prime minister. The new cabinet included Ghaleb Zoubi as interior minister and Suleiman Hafez as finance minister.
In September 2012, the Jordanian government cut fuel subsidies by 10% attempting to reduce the nation's deficit. Protests broke out and 89 members of Parliament signed a no confidence document in Prime Minister Tarawneh. King Abdullah demanded that Tarawneh rescind the increase.
In October 2012, King Abdullah dissolved Parliament and appointed Abdullah Ensour as prime minister. In November, the government said it would cut gas subsidies by 14% for vehicles and by 50% for cooking oil. Violent protests erupted, with demonstrators directing their anger at King Abdullah.
In January 2013, pro-government candidates victorious in parliamentary elections were boycotted by the Islamic Action Front. In March 2013, Abdullah Ensour was re-installed as prime minister following unprecedented consultation between the king and parliament.
In July 2013, Britain deported Muslim cleric Abu Qatada to Jordan to face terrorism charges, after a long legal battle.
In June 2014, Abu Qatada was found not guilty by a court in Jordan. He was acquitted of all charges in September.
In February 2015, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militants executed a Jordanian pilot who had crashed, by burning him alive. The Jordanian government responded by executing two terrorists and vowed revenge.
The following are some Scriptures that deal with end-time events. All prophecies concerning the nations are leading up to fulfillment of end-time judgments (events).
Ezekiel chapters 38 & 39
Zechariah 13: 8-9
Zechariah 14: 1-16
Daniel chapters 2, 4, 7-12
Matthew 24: 1-51
Mark 13: 1-37
Luke 21: 6-38
The book of Revelation
The book of Joel
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