Capital: Santo Domingo
Population: 10,349,741 (July 2014 est.)
Ethnic groups: Mixed 73%, white 16%, black 11%
Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%
History of Dominican Republic:
The Dominican Republic was explored by Christopher Columbus on his first voyage in 1492. He named it La Espanola, and his son, Diego, was its first viceroy. The capital, Santo Domingo, founded in 1496, is the oldest European settlement in the Western Hemisphere.
Spain ceded the colony to France in 1795 and Haitians under Toussaint L'Ouverture conquered it in 1801. In 1808, the people revolted and captured Santo Domingo the next year, setting up the first republic. Spain regained title to the colony in 1814. In 1821, Spanish rule was overthrown, but in 1822 the colony was conquered again by the Haitians. In 1844, the Haitians were thrown out and the Dominican Republic was established, headed by Pedro Santana. Uprisings and Haitian attacks led Santana to make the country a province of Spain from 1861 to 1865.
President Buenaventura Baez attempted to have the country annexed to the U.S. in 1870, but the U.S. Senate refused to ratify a treaty of annexation. Disorder continued until the dictatorship of Ulises Heureaux; in 1916, when chaos broke out again, the United States sent in a contingent of marines, who remained until 1924.
A sergeant in the Dominican army, Rafael Leonides Trujillo Molina, overthrew Horacio Vasquez in 1930 and established a dictatorship that lasted until his assassination in 1961. In 1962, Juan Bosch of the Dominican Revolutionary Party was elected president, but was deposed in a military coup in 1963. In April 1965, the United States sent in troops. After a cease-fire in May, a compromise installed Hector Garcia-Godoy as provisional president.
In 1966, Joaquin Balaguer defeated Bosch in an election to become president and the United States withdrew its troops.
In 1978, the army suspended the counting of ballots when Balaguer trailed in a fourth-term bid. After a warning from President Jimmy Carter, Balaguer accepted the victory of Antonio Guzmán of the Dominican Revolutionary Party. In 1982 elections, Salvador Jorge Blanco of the Dominican Revolutionary Party defeated Balaguer and Bosch. Balaguer was elected president again in May 1986.
In 1996, U.S.-raised Leonel Fernández Reyna secured more than 51% of the vote through an alliance with Balaguer. The first item on the president's agenda was the partial sale of some state-owned enterprises.
In August 2000, Hipólito Mejía was elected president amid discontent over power outages in the electric industry.
Leonel Fernández Reyna won election to a second term in 2004 following a constitutional amendment allowing presidents to serve more than one term. On May 16, 2008, incumbent president Leonel Fernández was re-elected defeating Miguel Vargas of the Dominican Revolutionary Party.
After the devastating earthquake on January 12, 2010 in Haiti, the Dominican Republic was one of the first countries to offer aid despite the two countries having a history of conflict. However, in the spring of 2011, protests started calling for the refugees to go home.
In October 2011, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) received over 450 complaints from people in the Dominican Republic who said their citizenship had been revoked. The IACHR condemned the policy, but on December 1st, the country's Supreme Court rejected a Dominican-born male's request for a birth certificate so he could relocate to the United States.
In May 20, 2012, Dominican Liberation Party candidate, Danilo Medina, won the presidential election. Voting fraud allegations followed the election.
On August 16, 2012, Medina took over with Margarita Cedeño, wife of Leonel Fernández, serving as vice-president.
© 2003 World Ministries International
The following are some Scriptures that deal with end-time events. All prophecies concerning the nations are leading up to fulfillment of end-time judgments (events).
Ezekiel chapters 38 & 39
Zechariah 13: 8-9
Zechariah 14: 1-16
Daniel chapters 2, 4, 7-12
Matthew 24: 1-51
Mark 13: 1-37
Luke 21: 6-38
The book of Revelation
The book of Joel
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